Acne begins when a build up of oil occurs in the hair follicle, creating a plug (comedo), that traps oil and dead cells under the surface of the skin. The clogged follicle becomes a fertile breeding ground for Propionibacterium acnes - the main cause of acne.
Whitehead: If the plugged follicle stays below the surface of the skin, the lesion is called a closed comedo, or whitehead. The usually appear on the skin as small, whitish bumps.
Blackhead: If the plug enlarges and pushes through the surface of the skin, it's called an open comedo, or black head. The plug's dark appearance is not due to dirt, but rather to a buildup of melanin, the skin's dark pigment.
Papule: The mildest form of inflammatory acne is the papule, which appears on the skin as a small, firm pink bump. These can be tender to the touch, and are often considered an intermediary step between non-inflammatory and clearly inflammatory lesions.
Pustule: Like papules, pustules are small round lesions; unlike papules, they are clearly inflamed and contain visible pus. They may apear read at the base with a yellowish or whitish center. Pustules do not commonly contain a great deal of bacteria; the inflammation is generally caused by chemical irritation from sebum components such as fatty free acids.
Nodule or Cyst: Large and usually very painful, nodules are inflamed, pus-filled lesions lodged deep within the skin. Nodules develop when the contents of a comedo have spilled into the surrounding skin and the local immune system responds, producing pus. The most sever form of acne lesion, nodules may persist for weeks or months, their contents hardening into a deep cyst. Both nodules and cysts often leave deep scars.
Treatment for acne varies, and there is plenty of snake oil out there! Many name brand companies use Benzoyl Peroxide, which can cause dryness or peeling of skin, feeling of warmth, tingling, slight stinging, burning, etc.
If you suffer from any of the various degrees of acne, Dr. Ku's Ointment has a proven track record of quickly assisting with any stubborn acne. Dr. Ku's Ointment is a proprietary blend of several natural medicinal oils that have been used safely and effectively for hundreds of years across Europe and the Far East.
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